|Born||4th of January 1643|
|Died||31st of March 1727|
|Famous Quote||“I can calculate the motion of the heavenly bodies but not the madness of people”|
|Known For||Creating modern calculus, advancing optics, creating a modern theory of gravity.|
|Region of World||England, 17th-18th century.|
Some great men are great because of leadership qualities, others because of their minds. Of Newtons hundreds of impacts his top 3 are what changed the world forever. To this day we cant interact with modern technology without his presence.
Newton was a great thinker who dared to propose new theories for mathematics, optics, and gravity. When Newton was publishing his theories he was attacking academia at its core. Up until his time 2,000 year old theories such as Aristotle were still being taught as correct.
Newton instead chose to write his own universal theories on several subjects. Out of this comes modern mathematics and physics.
Out of all of Newton’s accomplishments there are 3 impacts that he had upon society.
- Creation of modern calculus
- Created modern optical theory
- Father of modern gravity
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Without further ado, here are Newton’s top 3 biggest impacts upon society.
Impact 1.) Creation Of Modern Calculus
From a young age Newton was an inquisitive child. Of all the things that Newton was fascinated with, none piqued his curiosity more than the sky.
While Newton was still studying at The Kings School in Grantham he would be taught the ancient Greek and Latin theories on mathematics.
Newton was known for being extremely competitive. While in school he would compete to be the best student by building advanced theories and contraptions.
This competitive spirit would propel Newton his entire life. Reading about the great ancient philosophers of Greek inspired Newton to create his own theories on mathematics to explain the world around him.
What came out of this was Newton’s first paper On analysis by infinite series. Which, in typical Newtonian fashion, attacked the concept of an infinitely replicated logarithmic function. Simply put, Newton in one paper demonstrated how the mathematicians of his time were wrong.
At this point Newton was a nobody. His paper was refused publication. However, it did catch the eye of Isaac Barrow, a famous mathematician who sent it to fellow mathematicians with a note that read that Newton was “of an extraordinary genius and proficiency in these things.”
Out of this paper Newton revolutionized math by creating the binomial theorem. Or the ability to easily expand and rationalize equations into geometric models; this caused math to easily scale and apply to the world.
And thus, modern calculus was born.
Planes, rockets, engines, computers, all of these we owe thanks to Newton for starting. Calculus allowed the world to experience a mathematical revolution which caused a technological revolution.
Impact 2.) Created Modern Optical Theory
In the year 1666 Newton would observe that a prism of glass could break up a beam of light into multiple different colors.
From this Newton correctly hypnotized that color was a property of light and not light itself. This was revolutionary for its time.
This discovery completely changed the way that we perceive light. Newton theorized that if we could separate light into observable colors we could then look at each color individually.
From this came the worlds first refracting telescope. This telescope would focus light thus allowing people to look at far away objects clearly.
With this telescope Newton would be able to observe the heavens and start to formulate theories that sought to explain why the Planets moved.
The impact of Newton’s ideas upon Optics changed the world forever. Out of this came the internet, switch boards, telescopes, and astronomy.
However, this discovery of optics would lead to his most important impact upon society… his formulation of Gravity.
Impact 3.) Father Of Modern Gravity
Before Newton the world knew only of Aristotle’s theories of gravity. That the arrow was propelled through the air by a mysterious force called aether.
All things in the world were controlled by this ether. Today we could call this the butterfly effect with more steps.
However Newton upon observing the heavens with his refracting telescope would begin to theorize what moved the planets.
Newton would read Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, written nearly 70 years before his time. While Kepler noticed that the planets moved through space he failed to identify why.
Newton would focus on this question. Walking through an apple orchard Newton would ask why the apple fell to the earth but the moon does not.
Why is it that the moon stays up in the sky but the apple comes plummeting to earth? Aristotle would state that the moon is held up by the aether.
Then it hit Newton. If he had a cannon and shot the apple towards the horizon with enough force it would circle around the earth before hitting the ground.
With enough force the apple would circle the earth perpetually as it constantly fell over the horizon. The apple was always attracted or attached to the earth due to mass!
Thus Newton proposed the idea that celestial spheres had Gravitas (Latin for weight) associated with them. That this weight in turn attracted smaller items. These items would perpetually fall around the larger times, thus orbiting them.
Newton would publish this theory in his work Principia. In many ways this is the foundational work of modern gravity and lays out Newton’s 3 laws of motion which stand today.
With one stroke of the pen Aristotle was gone, Newton had risen to prominence as the father of Gravity.
There you have it; Isaac Newton’s 3 biggest impacts upon society. Newton’s theory of gravity would stand for several hundred years until a German physicist by the name of Einstein would reinvent Newton’s approach in the early 20th century.
Newton however stands as one of the most influential people of all time because of his ability to logically create new laws to explain his world. Without Newton the world would look completely different then what we used to today.
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