Lexington And Concord: 3 Ways These Battles Impacted History

Event DateApril 19th, 1775
Further ReadingThe 3 Major Consequences Of The Boston Massacre and The 7 Most Influential Founding Fathers Of The U.S

From 1770 up to 1775 the British colonies in North America were priming for open rebellion against the British Empire. In the early fall of 1775 the Revolutionary War would start with the battles of Lexington and Concord. These battles impacted history in 3 major ways.

The battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history in 3 distinct ways. First, Lexington and Concord showed that the British colonists could successfully defeat the British Empire. Second, Lexington and Concord demonstrated how weak British military intelligence was in the colonies. Third, Lexington and Concord showed how easily the colonists could mobilize a sizable force of militia.

It is important to note that these ‘battles’ were not major engagements. In reality the battles of Lexington and Concord were a series of engagements over several hours. However, at the end of these engagements history would be forever altered.

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Without further ado, here are the 3 ways the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history.

Lexington And Concord Demonstrated That The British Colonists Could Successfully Defeat The British Empire

One of the main ways in which the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history was by demonstrating to the colonists that they could defeat the British Empire.

Up until these battles the patriot colonists who wanted to achieve independence had a hard time believing that they could stand up to the military might of the British Empire.

This was because at this point in time the British Empire had the strongest standing military in the world. Not only were the British soldiers professionally trained they were also well equipped with the latest munitions.

The colonists on the other hand had a series of militias that were armed with old rifles. Some of these colonists had experienced combat in the French and Indian war nearly 10 years before. Besides that however, it would be hard to argue that the colonial militias were similar in experience or equipment to the British Army.

However, one of the major ways in which the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history was by demonstrating that in spite of the lack of training and equipment the colonial militias could defeat the British army in open conflict.

The best example of this came from an engagement between a British unit and a colonial unit at the North Bridge in Concord. Here the British regulars retreated from the colonial militia.

This was a small engagement. However, it was a huge morale boost for the colonial militia. Word got out and throughout the day more colonists would join the militia and harass the British on their way back to Boston.

As such one of the main ways in which the battles of Lexington and Concord influenced history was by demonstrating that the colonial militias could defeat the British in open combat.

Lexington and Concord Impacted History Be Demonstrating How Weak British Military Intelligence Was In The Colonies

One of the main ways in which the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history was by demonstrating how weak British military intelligence was in the colonies.

In reality the British succeeded in their mission to destroy the colonial militia’s arms and equipment in Concord and Lexington. However, the military intelligence provided to British Commander Thomas Gage indicated that there was a significant amount of munitions.

On top of this Gage received a report from a British spy within the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts that a Rebel Army was in the process of forming.

Both of these reports were false. While the rebel colonial patriots were stockpiling arms and munitions it was not enough to spark worry. In the end it was one cannon and musket shot.

Further, there was no major indication of Massachusetts attempting to field a rebel army at this point.

However, the major problem with the British military intelligence came from junior officers intermingling with colonists. Because of this word got out that the British were going to march upon Concord and Lexington, which gave ample time for the colonial militias to organize.

As such one of the main ways in which the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history was by demonstrating the weakness of British military intelligence in the colonies.

Lexington and Concord Demonstrated How Easily Colonial Forces Could Mobilize A Sizable Force Of Militia

The final way in which the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history was by demonstrating how easily the colonists could mobilize a large militia.

Initially there were only around 700 militia members in the early morning of April 19th. However by the end of the day there were thousands of colonial militia members skirmishing with the British as they retreated back to the city of Boston.

Through the night more colonial militia members would come to the city of Boston. When the British woke up in the morning they discovered around 15,000 colonial militia members laying siege to the city of Boston.

This astonished the British command within the city. Overnight the colonial militia had swelled as people from around Boston came to aid the militia of Lexington and Concord.

News even reached George Washington of this in Virginia. Washington wrote that now the colonists must decide if they will fight or surrender to British opposition.

However, the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted history by demonstrating that the colonial militias could rapidly mobilize a sizable force nearly overnight.

Conclusion

There you have it; an entire article going over the 3 ways the battles of Lexington and Concord impacted the development of History.

Lexington and Concord remain fascinating subjects of research. In many ways the battels themselves were just small scale skirmishes where both sides claimed victory. However, by the end of the day it became clear that Lexington and Concord would go down in history as a pivotal moment where the British Colonists would fight for their independence from the British Crown.

Here at The History Ace I strive to publish the best history articles on the internet. If you enjoyed this article then consider subscribing to the free newsletter and sharing around the internet.

Further, you can check out some of the other articles below.

Sincerely,

Nick